Compost farming is one of the effective ways of nourishing the soil and speed up the growth of plants. It is the natural breakdown of perishable materials into a soil like material. It transmute raw organic residues through the activity of micro- organisms. It is a major soil amendment process. Compost farming is known to contribute greatly to reducing wastage on farm by utilizing the wastes to make available nutrients for the soil. Accumulating waste increases the rates at which unused wastes occupy space.
As said earlier, compost transmute the soil by improving it’s structure, giving plants a firm support in the ground and as well reduces erosion.
Emission of gases which has been a major contributor to climate changes also in agriculture can be reduced through compost in the soil by storing carbon.
Agriculture has also been a major source of emission of greenhouse gases through the cultivating processes of soil, however management practices such as composting can also mitigate it’s effect through reduction of emission of gases from agricultural practices by storing the carbon in the soil. In the process of storing carbon, it’s also improving the soil and it’s environment.