Hi readers, as promised. We will examine the different hydroponics system in this blog post.
There are different types of hydroponic systems available to
hydroponics farmers or intending hydroponics farmer. Some hydroponics farmers
combine different types of hydroponics systems to get a hybrid hydroponic
Wick system is the easiest and oldest hydroponic system. It
is habitually deemed as a “passive” system since it does not require water or air pumps to work. In this technique, water and nutrients advance from a reservoir to the roots of plants through a wick. The plants are pendant in growing media and held in place over a tank of nutrient-filled solution. The ends of the wick are placed in the growing medium and the nutrient solution.
The wick is usually manufactured from materials that can quickly soak up the nutrients and deliver it steadily to the roots of the plants.
Wick system requires nominal intervention and very easy to set up. It is the best choice for beginners and children. It is worthy to note that it is not appropriate for larger plants with higher nutrition requirements. If the wick is not placed correctly, it can lead to the death of the plants.
Your control over the delivery of oxygen, water, and nutrients are minimal owing to the impassive nature of the wick system.
Ebb and Flow
Ebb and flow system often referred to as flood and drain system is not quite popular compared to other hydroponic systems but is also an effective hydroponics technique.
The growing area is not exposed to nutrient solution steadily but is flooded with nutrients at specific intervals. Via gravity, the solution drains back gradually to the reservoir. This process repeats itself to supply the plants with the required amount of nutrients. Thanks to the timer attached to the pump.
Ebb and flow system promote effective use of nutrients, water, and energy. Ebb an flow sys provides enough oxygen to the roots because the nutrient solution meets the roots at specific intervals.
In addition and flow system stimulate healthy root development. Nevertheless, it makes use of a substantial growing medium; the roots can quickly dry out and possibly die if the pumps stop working owing to power outage or some other technical problems.
Aeroponics is the most sophisticated hydroponics system. The complexity is reduced once you understand the intricacies behind how they function.
The roots are misted with nutrient solution, which is then suspended in the air. There are two methods to get the solution to the exposed roots. Firstly, a fine spray nozzle to mist the roots. Secondly, a pond fogger is utilized. Aeroponics is arguably the most efficient and productive hydroponics system. However, it is expensive; it requires intensive monitoring and strongly not recommended for beginners.
Most commercial hydroponics ventures make use of drip system because they are easy to operate. S drip system functions by making nutrients available to plants slowly via a drip line linked to a timer and pump.
You have two options under this system-recovery drip system and non-recovery drip system. Recovery drip system as the name implies, unused or surplus nutrients are collected and recovered into the original nutrient tank. The non-recovery drip system allows the excess nutrients to runoff.
The challenges associated with drip system are the need to monitor pH regularly (recovery drip system) and waste of nutrients (non-recovery drip system).
Deepwater Culture Hydroponic System
Deepwater culture, otherwise known as reservoir method, is
one of the most straightforward techniques to adopt in growing hydroponic plants. The roots of the plants are dangling in the nutrient solution to get steady water, oxygen, and nutrient supply.
The system can be built quickly at a low cost. You can choose the size of the ready-made system. It is the least complicated hydroponic system. It is strongly recommended for beginners. It can be used in a limited space. The maintenance requirement is very low. Some of the disadvantages of this system are lack of support for plants with a long growing cycle; air pump failure leads to the death of the plant, and if the plants are not correctly positioned, the plants could die or have stunted growth.
Nutrient Film Technique
In this hydroponic system, there is a constant flow of nutrient solution over the roots of the plants. This system is valid since the roots of the plants absorb a more substantial required amount of oxygen from the air than from the nutrient solution itself.