Inter Cropping also known as mixed cropping is a system of Agriculture that entails two or more plants simultaneously on the same field so that they grow to maximize productivity. This process encouraged and widely practiced because it conserves space, maintain balance in soil nutrients, weed, disease, insect pest suppression and also management of relatively scarce lands.
Inter Cropping is best suited for small and medium scale farmers, where harvesting are done on land. This process has successfully improved productivity and income of farmers across various levels, reduce the rate of crop failure (if a crop fails the others still stand a chance of germinating). It also require fewer nutrients inputs which includes fertilisers, printing, pest control, disease prevention and Irrigation than monoculture farming. It is cost effective as a result of the practice.
Here are some of the benefits of Inter Cropping. It has been an integral branch of the agricultural sector.
1. The practice of inter cropping, provide a rich, biodiverse environment, fostering habitat and species richness for animals and beneficial insects.
2. It produce high yield compare to it’s counterparts and increase biomass richness overtime.
3. It help in the regrowth in the growth of grasslands and forests biodiversity.